Endocrine surgery

From Healthpages.wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Medical Intervention

Endocrine surgery refers to operations on one or more of the endocrine glands. These glands secrete hormones into the bloodstream, and have an important influence over the functions of almost all cells in the body. Endocrine surgeons are surgeons with special expertise and training in operations on a number of the endocrine glands including the thyroid gland, the parathyroid glands, the adrenal glands, the endocrine pancreas, and some neuroendocrine glands. There are a number of other endocrine glands and these are treated by different surgeons. They include the pituitary gland in the brain, which secretes various stimulating hormones and which is treated by neurosurgeons, and the ovaries, which secrete sex hormones and which are treated by gynaecologists. Endocrine surgeons work closely with their medical colleagues (endocrinologists) who are often the doctors who will be responsible for both the initial diagnosis and investigation of endocrine disorders. Endocrinologists may also be involved in long term follow up after endocrine surgery. Endocrine surgeons also work with nuclear medicine physicians, radiologists, pathologists, geneticists and anaesthetists, in order to provide the best care for their patients.

Thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal The field of endocrine surgery typically comprises surgery for the thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, and adrenal glands.

The most common endocrine surgery operation is removal of the thyroid (Thyroidectomy), followed by parathyroid surgery (Parathyroidectomy), followed by the rare operation on the adrenal gland (Adrenalectomy).

Pituitary, testicles/ovaries, and pancreas Although not typically referred to as endocrine surgery, it could be argured that surgery of the pituitary gland, testicles, ovaries, and pancreas are also forms of endocrine surgery since these glands are hormone producing glands as well. More classically, however, only thyroid, parathyroid and adrenal surgery are thought of as "endocrine surgery" with pituitary surgery typically thought of as a form of neurosurgery; testicle surgery typically thought of as urologic surgery; ovary surgery typically thought of as a form of gynecologic surgery; and pancreatic surgery typically thought of as oncology surgery.

Relevant Specialties
Endocrine Surgery
Medical Conditions
Breast cancer
Prostate cancer

Browse doctors performing Endocrine surgery

Browse clinics performing Endocrine surgery